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The pulp is the most basic material needed for producing paper. This is fed into a machine which creates webs of paper. These webs are initially moist and the water has to be removed from them. It is thoroughly pressed and dried out. The process of pressing helps in removing all the moisture out of the web by force. A very specific felt is then used to collect all this squeezed out water. If in case the case is being made by hand then a blotter sheet is used to do the same job.

The pulp and paper industry, which includes products such as office and catalog paper, glossy paper, tissue and paper-based packaging, uses over 40 percent of all industrial wood traded globally.

The rate at which the pulp and paper industry is flourishing, is absolutely phenomenal. The Indian economy directly hinges upon this very industry. Of course, like everything else, this dependency causes some conflicts. A single volume of material is limited, as per already set standards. The agenda then becomes all about presenting this produced material in such a way, that the economy can derive out most benefits. Paper is a thing of our everyday lives. It is consumed heavily and is also disposed off heavily.  Especially in the urban areas, paper contributes to most of the solid waste. This paper waste, if reprocessed and recycled can have a lot of potential value. As the world has been growing ‘green’ for many years now, paper recycling has become a very mainstream activity.

How does the market look like for the pulp and paper industry?

The world is going largely digital. Things are becoming online more than offline. This means all the things for which we needed paper is now being done with a keyboard and a pointer. But, despite these drastic shifts in the lifestyles, the demand for paper is expected to grow, and that too by an impressive margin of 53 percent. Thanks to various government initiatives more and more kids are now attending schools. This means that they will be needing writing material in order to pursue their education. This right there is a huge selling mine. As compared to the world, our per capita consumption is low. But, thanks to the introduction of new technology the conditions are expected to improve by a long shot.

In the coming years, our pulp and paper industry is expected to go up by almost 10 percent. In literal terms that’s a very big amount. The revenues are sure to grow up to around 12 billion US dollars. That will not only add up to our national income but also fulfill our domestic demand for paper and writing material. Paper production of our country is contributed by states like West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat and many others along with them. All of these states together are responsible for around 25 percent of our total yield of paper. This industry is looking very fruitful at the moment and any budding entrepreneur, if goes about investing his resources, time and capital in this area will certainly not be going in the wrong direction.

Paper is made through the following processes:

  1. Pulping procedure will be done to separate and clean the fibers
  2. Refining procedure will be followed after pulping processes
  3. Dilution process to form a thin fiber mixture
  4. Formation of fibers on a thin screened
  5. Pressurization to enhance the materials density
  6. Drying to eliminate the density of materials
  7. Finishing procedure to provide a suitable surface for usgae



The global pulp & paper chemicals market is expected register significant growth during the forecast period, 2018 to 2023, mainly driven by the growing pulp & paper industry in emerging economies and increasing recycling of paper.

Indian Paper Industry

The paper industry in India has become more promising as the domestic demand is on the rise. Increasing population and literacy rate, growth in GDP, improvement in manufacturing sector and lifestyle of individuals are expected to account for the growth in the paper industry of India. BILT and ITC are among the largest producers of paper and paperboard in India. Many of the existing players are increasing their capacity to meet the growing demand. The focus of paper industry is now shifting towards more eco-friendly products and technology. Government of India has established rules and regulations to control the population and degradation of forest. These measures taken by the government has brought the significant changes in the paper industry of India.

India produces many varieties of papers, namely, printing and writing paper, packaging paper, coated paper and some speciality paper. Varieties under printing and writing paper are creame wove paper, super printing paper, maplitho paper (non-surface and surface size), copier paper, bond paper and coating base paper and others. The varieties under packaging paper are kraft paper, boards, poster paper and others. The other varieties under coated paper are art paper/board, chromo paper/board and others. There are approximately 600 paper mills in India, of which twelve are major players.

Indian paper industry can be more competitive by adding improvements of key ports, roads and railways and communication facilities, revision of forest policy is required for wood based paper industry so that plantation can be raised by industry, cooperatives of farmers, and state government. Degraded forest land should be made available to the industry for raising plantations. Import duty on waste paper should be reduced, duty free imports of new and second hand machinery, equipment should be allowed for technology up gradation.

Paper and pulp products will always be important to the global economy, even in the digital age.

Paper and pulp products will always be important to the global economy, even in the digital age. It is certain those products that will always be needed for packaging and desired by individuals who combine traditional marketing with online exposure. Even with digital, paperless systems, people still want things they can hold like scrapbooks, pictures and printed invitations.